Some countries endure really cold climates, so there is a need for a water heater to keep the water’s temperature in your home bearable. There are many brands available to purchase but there are only two major types of water heaters. Gas or Electric. Each comes with their own pros and cons and should be weighed against each other so that you can make the best choice for you. Their costs and features should also be regarded before making any new purchase for your home.

Gas vs electric water heater

Content of Gas vs electric water heater:

  1. Gas vs Electric Water Heater Features
  2. Gas vs Electric Water Heater Cost
  3. Electric vs Gas Water Heater Installation
  4. Gas & Electric Tankless Water Heater Maintenance

Gas vs Electric Water Heater Features

Jumping right into the meat of the matter is to compare the pros and cons of the two types of water heaters by their features. Each may have similar or different features and it is your job to first, know what you want, and second, know if the type of water heater will meet your demands. So, without further ado, let’s compare gas and electric water heater by their features.

Pros of Electric Water Heaters

Easy To Use

Convenience will always be a plus, naturally, you will want your life to be much easier. Electric water heaters have this advantage over gas water heater because there will be no hassle to turn on the gas when the climate gets colder.

  • Simple Power Source

Almost all homes have electricity. Therefore, the power that the water heater needs to heat the water can be easily found and used. All it takes is to connect the heater to the power grid of your house. It’s verysimple. This is in contrast to gas heaters that require your house to be linked to a gas provider before you can use the heater. Also, since the power source of the electric heater is electricity, that means that you never have to fret about running out of warm water for the house.

  • Small and more eco-friendly

This is a huge advantage that electric water heaters have over their gas counterparts. They are usually more compact so they won’t take up that much space, which is especially true for the newer models. The major reason for their small size is because they operate on electricity so there is no need for a large heater. Additionally, gas heaters usually come with an exhaust vent that releases the exhaust into the atmosphere. Not only can this be detrimental to the environment but also these features will make the gas water heater bigger than the electric water heater. If your home is small, then an electric water heater will be the best choice for you.

Cons of Electric Water Heaters

  1. No electric power = No warm water

The loss of power will not only affect the TV or lights, but there will be no warm water as well. Remember that electric water heaters operate only on electricity. So if that is gone so is your precious warm water.

  • Slower recovery rate

Unfortunately, electric water heaters do not have a quick turnover rate. If water is heavily used, the amount of warm water that is produced by the heater will not meet the household requirements.

Pros of Gas Water Heater

  1. Faster recovery rate

As previously states, the electric water heater has a slower turnover rate. However, this is not the case for the gas water heaters. There are twice as fast in producing water and meeting the demands for even large families.

  • No electricity = Warm Water

Unlike the electric water heater, electricity does not affect the operation of the gas water heater. Therefore, there is no need to worry about losing your precious warm water if there is no electricity.


Cons of Gas Water Heater

  1. Not as eco-friendly

Since most persons want to extend the longevity of the earth and wish not to contribute to its destruction, then the gas water heater may not be their first choice. However, if these things do not concern you, then gas water heater can be considered as an option.

  • Risk of gas explosion

The gas water heaters operate on gas, which is highly flammable. If regular maintenance is not done on the heater, then this is a risk of the water heater exploding.

Gas vs Electric Water Heater Cost

After comparing the features, it is time to compare the costs that are associated with each. This will include the purchasing, operating and installation costs.

Gas water heater costs

  1. Lower operation costs

This mostly depends on where you are located in the world. But in most countries, gas prices are cheaper than electricity. Therefore, in the long-run, it may be cheaper to use a gas water heater than an electric one.

  • Expensive installation fees

This heater is more expensive when installing it rather than operating it. To get the heater up and running, you may have to spend more money especially since there is a need for well-installed exhaust vent.

  • Cost of purchasing a gas water heater

Gas water heaters can range from $300 to $600. While the installation costs can go for about $700- $1500 depending on the provider.

The top 2 gas water heater that you can take a look at are:

  1. Vevor 16L Natural Gas Hot Water Heater.

Price: 110

  • Takagi T-KJr2-IN-NG Indoor Tankless Water Heater

Price: $535

These gas water heaters are tankless. These also have their advantages and disadvantages when compared to the tanked versions. One advantage is that the tankless water heaters are usually cheaper.

Electric Water Heater Costs

  1. Higher operation costs

Generally, electricity is more expensive than gas. So you may be hit with a high power bill at the end of the month.

  • Lower installation fees

Compared to the gas water heater, to install the electric water heaters is much cheaper. There are smaller and there are easier to install since there is no need for any exhaust vent.

  • Cost of purchasing an electric water heater

Electric water heaters’ prices can range from $250-$500, with installation being on the cheaper side compared to that of the gas water heater. Again, remember the cost can vary depending on the installation team that you are using.

The top 2 electric water heaters that you can consider purchasing online are:

  1. Bosch Electric Mini-Tank Water Heater Tronic 3000 T

Price: $136

  • Reliance 6 6 SOMS K 6 Gallon Compact Electric Water Heater

Price: $243

Electric vs Gas Water Heater Installation

When you are installing your brand-new water heater, make sure that you hire professionals to do the job. Both types of water heaters have specific requirements that should be met. For example, if the gas water heater is not installed properly, and the gas is leaking out of the system, then this can lead to an unfortunate explosion. Professionals can be searched online or in your local directory so that you can easily find an expert in water heater installation in your area. Also, these professionals are also open to conducting monthlymaintenance checks to make sure that everything is in order. If the heater is maintained well, then no accidents will occur. Lastly, professionals will be able to provide more insight into water heaters so that you can save money and prevent any high gas or electric bills.

These are the things that professional will offer you:

  1. One time is all they need to get the job done right

This is especially true if the company knows what they are doing. If they are trained and certified then they are able to install the water heater to the highest caliber of skill.

  • Teach you the importance of the settings

Each water heater comes with a thermostat that tells you the temperature that the tank is at. Scalds and burns can occur when the owners touch it without understanding the danger. To prevent this from happening to you, a professional will explain the settings and dangers associated with the improper use of the thermostat.

  • Proper drainage

Water heaters need a piping system to allow the water to flow from one area to the next. If this is compromised then there will be increased pressure and the water could leak out. The leaking water can cause tremendous damage to your floors or precious furniture. This is why a professional team is needed to prevent this from happening.

  • If there is a problem…

If there is a problem, rest assured that this problem will be identified and addressed appropriately. With the large knowledge base and experience that they have, they will know exactly what to do.

Gas & Electric Tankless Water Heater Maintenance

Tankless water heaters have many benefits that you can gain. They do not have a storage tank available to store the heated water, which is why they are called on-demand heaters. Also, you can find both electric and gas versions of tankless water heaters.

Advantages of Tankless Water Heaters

  1. They are smaller

They are smaller and more compact, as they do not have a tank. You can store these heaters in small areas of the house.

  • Saves you more money

Since tankless water heaters use 50% less energy than those with tanks, your family will save quite a deal of money each year. Tankless water heaters only give you instant hot water when you turn on the pipe.

Disadvantages of Tankless Water Heaters

  1. One pipe at a time

Small units can only provide enough hot water for one faucet at a time.  Therefore if you need the warm water in the kitchen and bathroom at the same time, that may be difficult.

Now that you understand the pros and cons of tankless water heaters, let’s dive further into the maintenance of this kind of heater.

Gas and electric tankless water heaters still need maintenance. If they are adequately maintained over the years, then these water heaters can last you up to 20 years. It is a common misconception that tankless water heaters require less maintenance than the tanked variety, and this is not true. The maintenance necessary is the same for either gas or electric tank or tankless waterheaters. Furthermore, there are still some important facts that you should remember when it comes to the maintenance of these water heaters.

  1. Hard water can damage the water heater

Hard water contains a large volume of minerals that is calcified when the water is heated. These hard minerals can build up and damage the heat exchanger in the water heater. This will lead to a decreased life span of the equipment. Also because there is an increased need for energy to heat up the same volume of water, this will, unfortunately, reflect on your energy bill.

  • High temperatures can damage the water heater

This ties into the above point that if there is hard water, higher temperatures will cause the calcification or scale build up. This will damage the water heater as well. So to prevent this, check the thermostat of your water heater and make sure that it is not higher than 120 degrees Fahrenheit. If it is, then it is time to call in the professionals.

  • Call the professionals

Lastly, always call in the professionals if you need help. If the temperature is higher or just for monthly maintenance, make sure that the experts have a look at your tankless water heater. They will be able to address any issues that they find.

Water heaters are a great addition to the home. Not only will they increase your quality of life, but they will also keep you and your family warm and healthy, especially in the colder seasons. There are two major water heaters, gas, and electric. They each have their pros and cons and they have their own associated costs. Maintenance and installation are two important factors that should be kept into account when purchasing a water heater. And hopefully, you and your family will stay warm and toasty.

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